Audiometric testing programs can be accomplished in several different ways. Making the best choice usually depends on knowing what your company needs and understanding the advantages and disadvantages of the model options and selecting the option that makes the most sense for the employer and employees.
In general, the broadly used models can be categorised as:
Audiometric test programs need qualified people to perform testing on workers as well as appropriate medically or audiologically qualified professional to conduct further assessment and determine follow-up actions when a significant threshold shift are present. All testing should be performed by a competent person, appropriately trained and experienced in using procedures and equipment that comply with AS/NZS 1269.4.
If you are setting up an in-house audiometric testing program, you will need several pieces of equipment. The typical equipment list includes:
Examples of problems audiograms are audiograms that show large differences in hearing thresholds between the two ears, audiograms that show unusual hearing loss configurations that are atypical of noise-induced hearing loss, and audiograms with thresholds that are not repeatable.
Audiograms are used to document existing hearing loss, detect any deterioration of hearing and appropriate rehabilitation. It does not measure the effectiveness of noise control measures or the causes of any hearing damage or injury.
Recommended procedures for audiometric testing can be found in AS/NZS 1269.4.
Some Australian regulations have a general requirement for medical surveillance of people occupationally exposed to hazards, a requirement which has been interpreted to mean that audiometric surveillance is required for people occupationally exposed to noise. Some jurisdictions have specific requirements for provision of regular hearing tests for people whose noise exposure is such that they need to rely on hearing protectors for protection.
A threshold shift as noted in SWA COP, refers to a shift in the auditory threshold and can be temporary or permanent, resulting in temporary or permanent hearing loss respectively. Any confirmed threshold shift should lead to action as described in AS/NZS129.4 Section 9.
A significant threshold shift is defined as:
Normal hearing thresholds are in the range of 0 – 25 dB hearing level (dB HL). Thresholds that are greater than 25 dB HL are said to be outside the normal range and indicate that a hearing loss is present. There are typical patterns of hearing loss, sometimes associated with the cause of the hearing loss.
Thresholds that are either outside the normal range of hearing or atypical for a type of hearing loss are considered to be abnormal.
When thresholds are abnormal, more attention is needed in order to determine the best approach to managing the hearing loss and worker.
There are times when test results are either incomplete, were not done according to the regulatory requirements, or do not represent the actual hearing ability of a worker. Invalid tests cannot be used to meet regulatory requirements and do not serve the purpose of identifying early stages of noise-induced hearing loss. Sometimes the test can be repeated to correct errors, either due to improper testing protocols or equipment malfunction. Other times a worker may need to be referred to an audiologist for more comprehensive testing.
Occurrence of significant temporary or permanent threshold shifts or tinnitus in your audiometric results can indicate that the hearing conservation program (or noise management program) may be failing, and review of control measures to determine if more effective measures can be implemented should ensue.
Actions to affect this could include:
Noise, SafeWork Australia
See “Codes and Guides”Model Code of Practice: MANAGING NOISE AND PREVENTING HEARING LOSS AT WORK: September 2018.
This page also includes links to State and Territory Regulators for specific local requirements.
The Australian Standard AS/NZS 1269 series, Occupational noise management (1 – 4), provides technical requirements and guidance on all facets of occupational noise management.
Audiometric testing and assessment of audiograms should be carried out by competent persons in accordance with the procedures in AS/NZS 1269.4:2005 - Occupational noise management - Auditory assessment.
Australian audiometry regulations
SA,NT, Tasmania, ACT, Commonwealth
Several states – Mining-specific health surveillance regulations
IMPORTANT NOTE: This information is based on selected current national requirements. Other country or local requirements may be different. Always consult User Instructions and follow local laws and regulations. This website contains an overview of general information and should not be relied upon to make specific decisions. Reading this information does not certify proficiency in safety and health. Information is current as of the date of publication, and requirements can change in the future. This information should not be relied upon in isolation, as the content is often accompanied by additional and/or clarifying information. All applicable laws and regulations must be followed.